|1 of 36||Next >||Last >>||Back to gallery|
Zu dem Verbot der S.A. der "Privat Armee" Adolf Hitlers! Erinnerungen an den Hitler - Putsch im Jahre 1923. Gefechtsordonanzen der S.A. vor dem damaligen Hauptquartier in Neustadt ; Vorbereitung zum Hitler-Ludendorff-Putsch
Remembering November 9th.
Sixteen fallen comrades of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialists were the first "blood martyrs" of the NSDAP, and they were remembered by Hitler in the Foreword of Mein Kampf. The Nazi flag they carried, which in the course of events was stained with blood, came to be known as the Blutfahne (Blood Flag), and was brought out for the swearing in of new recruits in front of the Feldherrnhalle (or, Feldherrenhalle, the "Field Marshals' Hall") in Munich, where the Putsch began and ended; yet that event was only one of their efforts to take over the Bavarian State by force. It is commonly referred to as the "Beer Hall Putsch". Hitler and Friends soon learned that a peaceful assumption of power, obtaining assent from the people as well as Government, would provide them that essential foundation for political success.
Shortly after the National Socialists were elected to represent the German people by popular acclaim, a memorial was placed at the south side of the Feldherrnhalle, crowned with a swastika. The back of the memorial read "Und ihr habt doch gesiegt!" ("And you triumphed nevertheless!"), as if the living were speaking to the dead in their graves. Behind it, flowers were laid, and either policemen or the SS stood guard in between a lower plaque. Passers-by were required to give the Hitler salute in their memory.
The putsch was also commemorated on three sets of German postage stamps. In the NSDAP book Ich Kämpfe, given to those joining the NSDAP party in the mid-1940s, even though the book lists the names of hundreds of other faithful National Socialist sacrificial dead, these sixteen were always at the top of the list. The headline text read "Though they are dead for their acts, they will live on forever."
The army had a division named the Feldherrnhalle regiment, and there was also an SA Feldherrnhalle division. "Die Neunte Elfte" (the "Ninth of the Eleventh") became one of the most important dates on the Nazi calendar, especially following the National Socialist party's election into full control of the Government in 1933, ousting all opponents who or which were contrary to the sound doctrines of the NSDAP.