Russia. No. 1 (1919).


RUSSIA. No. 1 (1919).





Presented to Parliament by Command of His Majesty. April 1919.





To be purchased through any Bookseller or directly from

H.M. STATIONERY OFFICE at the following addresses:






(Cmd. 8.] Price 9d. net.

No. Name. ---- Date Subject. Page


1 Sir M. Findlay (Christiania) Telegraphic Aug. 19, 1918 Arrest of British subjects in Petrograd and Moscow 1
2 E. Howard (Stockholm) Telegraphic 19, Armed raid on British consulate-general at and arrest of British officials and other persons 1
3 R. Paget (Copenhagen) Telegraphic Sept. 3, Murder of Captain Cromie by Soviet troops. Informs of telegram from Petrograd 2
4 R. Paget (Copenhagen) Telegraphic 9. Wholesale arrests and executions in Petrograd as a result of attempts on Bolshevik leaders. Arrest of Mr. Lockhart. British subjects starving in prison 2
5 Mr. Lindley (Archangel) Telegraphic 6, Murder of Captain Cromie. Tribute to services which he rendered 3
6 Sir M. Findlay (Christiania) Telegraphic 17, Arrest of British subjects in Moscow. Report by Netherland Minister on their present condition, and his efforts to obtain their release. Funeral of Captain Cromie. Letter appealing for help from British imprisoned in Fortress of Peter and Paul 3
7 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 16, Report of murder of ex-Emperor of Russia 7
8 Sir C. Eliot (Ekaterinburg)
Oct. 5, Informs of events leading up to the murder the ex-Emperor and other members of Imperial family. Transmits letter from tutor of Czarevitch 8
9 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic Nov. 4, Discovery of corpses in mine-pit at Alapaevsk of members of Imperial family. Fate of other members 11
10 Mr. Lockhart
10, Oppression by Bolsheviks of their opponents, including Socialists, abolition of right of holding public meetings, suppression of all but Bolshevik press, and of all liberty. General terrorism 11
11 Report by Mrs. L ______

Nov., 1918 Peasants and the land. Industrial conditions. Repression of all non-Bolsheviks. Conditions in the prisons 12

Report by Mr. H ______

Nov., 1918 Conditions in factories at Moscow. Trade conditions generally. Anti-Bolshevik feeling among peasantry 14

Report by Mr. G ______

Nov., 1918 Report on the internal situation. Growing discontent under Bolshevism 18

Report by Colonel Kimens

Nov., 1918 Report on the internal situation. Chaos and anarchy in the provinces. Confiscation of private property 20
12 Mr. Lindley (Archangel) Telegraphic Nov. 27, 1918 Comments on Bolshevik of ideas of society. Their strength lies in unlimited supply of paper money Bolsheviks should be treated like pariahs 21
13 Sir C. Eliot (Ekaterinburg) Telegraphic 29, Murder of ex-Empress of Russia and children supposed to have been committed about the same time as the murder of the ex-Emperor 21
14 Lord Kilmarnock (Copenhagen)
27, Conditions in a factory in Petrograd 22
15 Memorandum

Report of a British subject on conditions in Moscow. The “cold terror" 23
16 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic Jan. 2, 1919 Starvation and terrorism in Moscow. Wholesale murders and atrocities 24
17 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 3, Dangers of famine in Europe if Bolshevik disorganisation continues 24
18 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 5, Details of atrocities committed at Perm 25
19 Major Reilly (Chitral) Telegraphic 7, Arrival of Russian refugees from Kharog. Murders by Bolsheviks at Tashkent 25
20 General Poole
8, Bolsheviks employing Chinese to kill officers and their families 26
21 General Poole
11, Methods of Bolsheviks to allay hostility abroad while campaign against the social and economic life at home continues, Treatment of women 26
22 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 14, Torture and murder in Ural towns. Murder of priests 26
23 General Knox (Omsk) Telegraphic 15, Conditions at Perm. Russians obliged to join Bolsheviks to avoid starvation 26
24 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 18, Mutilations and tortures at Perm. Report of member of Red Cross Mission. Mutilations and massacres of Czechs in Ussuri district and of educated class in Kief 27
25 Colonel Wade (Warsaw) Telegraphic 19, Chinese and Corean bandits increasing in Bolshevik forces 28
26 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 23, Conditions in Perm. Bolsheviks a privileged class free to commit crime against other classes. Murder of a bishop. Closing of churches 28
27 Lord Kilmarnock (Copenhagen)
21, Bolshevik Central Committees absorbing all power. In Moscow and Petrograd starvation making the people physically incapable of resisting. Mobilisation of peasants. Severer discipline and continuance of executions 28
28 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic Feb. 1, Murder and mutilation of a British workman in Northern Urals 29
29 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 2, Terrorism at Lisva. Efficiency and energy of Bolshevik régime 29
30 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 4, Revolt of peasants against Bolsheviks in Vyatka district. Their subsequent execution and execution of their families 30
31 Memorandum

Interviews with two British subjects from Moscow. Conditions in Moscow schools, factories, and shops 30
32 Lord Kilmarnock (Copenhagen)
3, Paralysis of the people in Petrograd and Moscow. Bolshevism losing its hold as its supply of food decline. General apathy in the country 32
33 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 8, Small percentage of pro-Bolsheviks among peasantry in Ekaterinburg district. Russian working classes not represented by Bolsheviks, most of latter being Jews. Murder of labourers owing to non-support of Bolshevism 33
34 Sir H. Rumbold (Berne)
5, Conditions in the Ukraine. Letter from a Polish lady respecting Bolshevik reign of terror 33
35 Lord Kilmarnock (Copenhagen)
Feb. 6, 1919 Bolshevik atrocities in Esthonia … … 34
36 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 11, Report from Acting British Consul at Ekaterinburg as to conditions there for past year 37
37 Memorandum

Interviews with two British subjects returned from Petrograd in January. Bolshevik oppression of the peasant proprietor. The Red Army. Dissatisfaction of workmen. Treatment of the middle classes. Oppression of Socialist parties on the ground of their being “counter-revolutionary.” Bolshevik plans for world revolution 38
38 General Knox (Omsk) Telegraphic Feb. 5, Murder of Imperial family. Further details 41
39 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 10, Bolshevik persecutions and crimes at Ekaterinburg. Reports evidence of witnesses. Oppression of clergy 41
40 Mr. Alston (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 13, Murder of Grand Duke Michael at Perm. Methods adopted by Bolsheviks against merchants 42
41 Mr. Bell (Helsingfors) Telegraphic 12, Murder of Russian Grand Dukes in Peter and Paul fortress at Petrograd in January 1919 42
42 Consul-general Bagge (Odessa) Telegraphic 13, Danger of famine in the Ukraine. Peasants beg for assurance that their property in land be declared inviolable before they will commence sowing seed 42
43 Sir C. Eliot (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 19, Increasing desertions from Red Army and insurrection of peasants. Massacre of priests at Osa, and of officers at Menzelinsk 43
44 Sir C. Eliot (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 22, Details of seventy-one murders and mutilations perpetrated at Ekaterinburg during 1918 43
45 Sir C. Eliot (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 24, Details of further murders in Ekaterinburg district 44
46 Sir C. Eliot (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 24, Appeal of Omsk Government to Democratic parties to unite against Bolsheviks 44
47 General Knox (Vladivostock) Telegraphic Mar. 2, Report from Omsk. Conditions of railway transport. Wholesale issue of paper money. Bolshevik discipline stricter. Measures against religion 45
48 General Knox (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 4, Ruin in Moscow : treatment of women, atrocities and mutilations in Eastern Russia 45
49 Sir C. Eliot (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 5, Bolshevik crimes in Perm. Torture of women and murder of priests in Omsk districts 45
50 Sir C. Eliot (Vladivostock) Telegraphic 21, All classes continue to come to the British Consulate at Ekaterinburg with evidence of murders and outrages. Reports show terrible extent of murder and pillage 46
51 Report by a British Chaplain at Odessa
Jan. Bolshevik tyranny in South Russia in 1918 47
52 Report by Mr. M ______
12, Food conditions and prices in Moscow 48
53 Lord Kilmarnock (Copenhagen)
Feb. 17, Report on Bolshevik atrocities in Esthonia. “Blood bath in Walk” 49
54 Report by Mr. K ______

Conditions in towns and country. Growing feeling among working classes against Bolsheviks. Religious revival 50
55 Report by Mr. J ______

Conditions around Moscow and in Vladimir Government. Disorganisation on railways. Apathy amongst anti-Bolshevik classes resulting from their treatment : their indifference to all but food questions Punishment of families of officers who Refuse to join Bolshevik army. Disease in Moscow. Private trading abolished 52
56 Report by Rev. B. S. Lombard

Results of Bolshevism in Northern Russia 56
57 Memorandum

Interviews with returned British subjects 57
58 Memorandum by Mr. B ______
Jan., 1919 Progress of Bolshevism in Russia 64
59 Memorandum by Mr. B ______
Mar., Present position of Bolshevism 67
60 Memorandum
Jan., Appreciation of the economic situation in Russia 69
61 Report Telegraphic Mar., Anti-Bolshevik outbreaks 77
  Appendix     Extracts from the Russian press. 79


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Podcasts: Bolshevism in Russia, a reading of the Russia No. 1. Report with commentary.